Republic of Haïti
Hispaniola, The Caribbean
Haïti, officially the Republic of Haïti, is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Ayiti (land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the island. The country’s highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft). The total area of Haïti is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi) and its capital is Port-au-Prince. Haitian Creole and French are the official languages.
Haïti’s regional, historical, and ethno-linguistic position is unique for several reasons. It was the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the first black-led republic in the world, and the second republic in the Americas when it gained independence in 1804, as part of a successful slave revolution lasting nearly a decade. In 2012, Haïti announced its intention to seek associate membership status in the African Union. Haïti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas. It is one of only two independent nations in the Americas (along with Canada) to designate French as an official language; the other French-speaking areas are all overseas départements, or collectivités, of France.
With its 9.7 million people, Haïti is the most populous full member-state of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). The country is also a member of the Latin Union.
See Associated Client Portals for Haïti: GoH Île à Vache Le Château Impérial