State of Florida
The United States of America
Florida (Spanish for “land of flowers”) is located in the most southeastern region of the United States and is home of the country’s oldest city, St. Augustine, settled in 1513 when Juan Ponce de Leon landed in search of the legendary Fountain of Youth. Florida is home of the nation’s most visited city, Orlando, boasting over 60 million annual visitors, and the world’s busiest cruise ship port, Port Canaveral, with nearly 5 million annual passenger movements.
Florida is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straights of Florida and Cuba. Florida is the 22nd most extensive, the 3rd most populous, and the 8th most densely populated of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and is the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida’s most populous urban area. The city of Tallahassee is the state capital.
A peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Straits of Florida, it has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), and is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is at or near sea level with a climate that varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south. The American alligator, American crocodile, Florida panther, and manatee can be found in the storied Everglades National Park, as well as elsewhere in the state.
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